Skip directly to content

Take steps to help prevent TBE


You can reduce your risk of developing TBE by taking precautions to avoid being bitten by an infected tick when in high risk areas. You should: 1

  • Wear long-sleeved tops and long trousers tucked into your socks
  • Wear light-coloured clothes so ticks are easier to spot and brush off
  • You can treat your clothes with insecticides such as permethrin
  • Apply insect repellent containing DEET to exposed skin
  • Regularly check your body for ticks
  • If you find a tick on your body remove it as soon as possible 1 Tick Removal
  • Avoid unpasteurised milk which may also be infected with the TBE virus in endemic regions

A proven way to prevent TBE is to be vaccinated against the infection before you travel. 1 Vaccination against TBE is recommended for anyone who may be at risk of TBE through their work or travels, particularly those planning to visit rural areas or do outdoor activities such as walking, hiking, cycling and camping. 2

To find out if vaccination is recommended for you, speak to your pharmacist, doctor, nurse or travel health professional.

How to remove a tick?

To remove a tick you should: 1

  • Use tweezers or a special tick remover and wear gloves or cover your fingers with tissue to avoid touching the tick
  • Grab the tick as close to the skin as you can, and gently pull straight up until all parts are removed
  • Avoid twisting or jerking the tick as you're removing it because it may cause the mouthparts to break off and remain in your skin after the tick has been removed
  • Avoid squeezing the body of the tick and the contents of its stomach into the site of your bite

After removing the tick, wash your hands with soap and water and clean the tick bite with soap and water or an antiseptic 1

More information

The Encephalitis Society provides information and support to people affected, their families and friends. The Society also provides bespoke training to professionals, raises awareness of the condition and its consequences, and collaborates with academic and clinical partners on research into the condition. 

PP-VAC-GBR-1214 June 2019