TBE is an infection of the central nervous system that affects the brain, spinal cord and membranes around them.1 Transmission of TBE to humans most commonly occurs through the bite of an infected tick.2 If you live in a country where there is a known risk of TBE infection, or if you are planning a holiday in the near future, it is important to learn how to help protect yourself from TBE infection.
*Endemic country is where an infection in a population is constantly maintained at a controllable level.
Ticks are typically active when temperatures are above 6ºC, usually from March to November.1 However, the tick season can vary each year depending on the climate.
Transmission of TBE to humans usually takes place during a tick bite through the saliva of an infected tick.1
Approximately one in three people infected with the TBE virus will develop long-term neurological complications.1
Ticks infected with the TBE virus are not confined to one country, with reports of ticks from across Europe to Japan. TBE has been reported in humans in 34 countries. You may be at risk of TBE if you live in or travel to one of the following countries: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine.4 TBE may not have been found in all areas of a country, please check local information.
TBE may not have been found in all areas of a country, please check local information.
You can reduce your risk of developing TBE by taking precautions to avoid being bitten by an infected tick when in high risk areas.8
A proven way to prevent TBE is to be vaccinated against the infection before you travel.9, 10 Vaccination against TBE is recommended for anyone who may be at risk of TBE through their work or travels, particularly those planning to visit rural areas or do outdoor activities such as walking, hiking, cycling and camping.7, 8
See below a list of some of the providers where you can seek advice about protecting yourself before you travel.